Culture and Psychological Development

Emotional effects of physical punishment even with maternal warmth

According to cross-cultural research, childhood anxiety and aggression as a result of physical punishment may increase with maternal warmth.

Childhood wishes and the Wizard of Oz

Exploring the wish to be strong and independent and the wish to return to a loving, protective mother in the film The Wizard of Oz.


The Wizard of Oz: Leaving and Returning, There’s No Place Like Home by H.H. Stein